If you are overweight, reduce your weight. Avoid sweet food. Take regular exercise. Start walking every day. The main aim of treatment in diabetes is to reduce the blood sugar levels to acceptable limits. The second aim in treatment of diabetes is to prevent End Organ Damage. As we have seen, the end organs are the heart, kidney, brain and the eyes. To reduce blood sugar levels, it may be necessary to take medicines or insulin injections, or both, life-time. Some medicines help reduce End Organ Damage. Consult your doctor regularly.